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Composition and drivers of energy prices and costs: Case studies in selected energy-intensive industries

Researchers at CEPS, in cooperation with researchers at Ecofys and Economisti Associati, have carried out a comprehensive examination of energy prices in selected EU industries, commissioned by DG Grow of the European Commission. The 309-page study concentrates on three sectors and two sub-sectors of the ceramics industry:



·           Steel

·           Aluminium (primary & downstream)

·           Wall and floor tiles

·           Bricks and roof tiles

·           Refineries

For each of these five (sub-)sectors, the study provides an overview of energy price developments, with particular attention paid to i) energy price levels and ii) the structure of energy prices, i.e. the components of energy bills.

The analysis was conducted between December 2015 and June 2016, with the primary information collected between February and March 2016 via a questionnaire sent to the selected plants. The questionnaire contains (inter alia) questions on production levels, financial data and energy costs and consumption.

The study is published on the CEPS website with the kind permission of the European Commission. It can be directly accessed via the download button below  or via the European Commission’s website:




Former Deputy Director of CEPS Energy Climate House & Head, Carbon Market Forum
Former Research Assistant at CEPS
Former CEPS Energy Climate House Research Fellow
Senior Research Fellow and Head of Regulatory Policy Unit
Research Fellow