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Prospects for electric vehicle batteries in a circular economy

Electric vehicles are a key technology to decarbonise the road transport sector and their use is expected to increase, thereby increasing demand for lithium-ion batteries. This makes the development of a full value chain for batteries in Europe a priority, particularly the recycling of lithium-ion batteries where Europe is at an advantage being among the market leaders. What will happen to this huge number of batteries at their end-of-life and how the valuable materials within each battery can be recovered and recycled are important questions for EU policymakers, as is information on the impacts of developing a lithium-ion battery recycling industry within the EU.